Aversivity can be assessed by capturing the animal in an easily recognized situation, then exposing the animal to the trap in the corresponding situation and assessing its behaviour. Canada currently manages AIHTS on a bilateral basis with the European Union, 1999 since it was ratified by the Canadian government. The United States continues to make progress in implementing best management practices under the EU bilateral agreement. To determine whether a fishing method is human or not, the welfare of a captured animal must be assessed. The 2007-2008 fishing season marked the first year in which Canadian trappers were legally required to use AIHTS-certified traps for certain listed species. This requirement was the first step in a long three-part process that will regulate the use of certified traps and thus improve the welfare of captured animals for any variety of reasons. Where testing procedures are established under ISO, the International Standards Organization, and these procedures are relevant to assessing the compliance of fishing methods with some or all of the standards requirements, ISO procedures apply, if any. Phase 3: The year of implementation – cage traps and traps still need to be set for live trapping. After years of negotiations, the European Union approved two humane fishing agreements in the 1990s.
The International Human Stocking Standards (AIHTS) agreement was concluded in 1997 with the European Union, Canada and Russia. A separate agreement (called an agreed protocol) was reached between the European Union and the United States of America under US regulations. Both agreements contain the same standards. The Council of the European Union ratified them in 1998. These standards were approved by the International Independent Standards Organization (ISO) in 1999 and confirmed in 2004 as part of its five-year review. These standards are used by Canada and form the basis for trap testing and certifications in accordance with the Convention on International Human Trapping Standards (AIHTS) Canada cites other AIHTS signatories in the implementation of humane trapping standards. The principle of the decision that a fishing method is humane is that it meets the thresholds set out in Sections 2 and 3. Although welfare can vary considerably, the term “human” is used only for fishing methods that maintain the welfare of the animals concerned at a sufficient level, although it is recognized that in some situations where death traps are put to death, there will be a short period of time when well-being may be low.