The original agreement was ratified by Japan and New Zealand. “This is another wake-up call for the United States,” said Wendy Cutler, vice president of the Asia Society Policy Institute and a long-time U.S. trade agent who participated in the TPP negotiations. “Now you have two mega-agreements in the region, and both will lead to greater integration between the members of these different blocs.” In June 2015, U.S. Senator Rand Paul, Republican from Kentucky, rejected the law to expedite the ratification of the TPP by Congress on the basis of the secrecy of the trade agreement.  Brunei, Chile, Singapore and New Zealand are parties to the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement (TPSEP), signed in 2005 and entered into force in 2006. The original TPSEP agreement contains a membership clause and reaffirms “the obligation for members to promote the accession of other economies to this agreement.”   This is a comprehensive agreement that affects trade in goods, rules of origin, trade policy remedies, health and plant health measures, technical barriers to trade, trade in services, intellectual property, public procurement and competition policy. In particular, it called for a 90% reduction in all tariffs between Member States by 1 January 2006 and a reduction of all trade duties to zero by 2015.  In October 2018, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said that despite its geographical distance, the UK would be welcomed “with open arms” in the CPTPP, indicating that CPTP member states could use the agreement as a global diplomatic framework in the coming years. This partnership has a level playing field for our farmers, farmers and producers, removing more than 18,000 taxes that different countries impose on our products. It contains the strongest commitments in history in the work and environment of a trade agreement, and these commitments are enforceable, unlike previous agreements.
It promotes a free and open Internet. It strengthens our strategic relationships with our partners and allies in a region that will be crucial for the 21st century. It is an agreement that puts American workers first and will help middle-class families move forward. When Obama took office in 2009, he continued discussions. In 2011, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton described the TPP as the strategic hub of the United States for the Asia-Pacific. After 19 formal rounds of negotiations and many other separate meetings, the participating countries agreed in October 2015 and signed the pact in early 2016.